Xiaohai Xin Village

Xiaohai Xin 1 Village (小海新村) is located in Tangzi Street, Xundian Yi and Hui Autonomous County (寻甸彝族回族自治县), Kunming City, Yunnan Province. It is a typical resettlement village. Originally named Xiaohai Village, it underwent a transformation in 2017 when 33 households from Shanhou Village, located 10 kilometers away and facing geological hazards, were relocated to Xiaohai Village with the support of China’s poverty alleviation policies. This relocation led to the renaming of the village as Xiaohai Xin Village. Currently, the village consists of 77 households of original villagers and 33 households of newly relocated villagers. All 33 relocated households are registered impoverished households and have been allocated newly built brick-concrete structured houses. The village is a pure Miao community, belonging to the Da Hua Miao subgroup and speaking the Northeastern Yunnan Miao dialect. In 2020, it was designated as a Featured Village of Ethnic Minorities in China, highlighting its unique cultural and linguistic heritage.


1. the ‘Xin’ is Pinyin to ‘新’, which is the Chinese word for ‘new’.
Xiaohai Xin Village. (photo by Keyi Liu)
Xiaohai Xin Village. (photo by Keyi Liu)
The young villagers gather together for rehearse music performances. (photo by Haiyan Long).

Miao Musical Culture in Xiaohai Xin Village

The villagers of Xiaohai Xin Village possess a profound passion for music and dance, reflected in the existence of two performing arts groups: the Old Village Art Troupe and the New Village Art Troupe, with the former is organized into senior, youth, and children’s team. The village’s music and dance are rich and varied, with the older generation primarily preserving the Miao’s traditional songs, such as ancient tunes, flying songs, and Lusheng (mouth organ) tunes. On the other hand, the younger villagers show a preference for modern innovation, enthusiastically embracing newly composed and original Miao songs and dances, as well as contemporary popular music.

Villagers primarily engage in farming and poultry rearing for their livelihoods. In the evenings, after dinner, they come together to relax and entertain themselves with singing and dancing. Here’s a glimpse of the village youths gathering in the activity room after dinner, casually dancing to DJ remixes of Miao songs.


ECura’s Collaboration with Xiaohai Xin Village

In February 2024, researcher Keyi Liu, representing the ECura project team, signed a cooperation agreement with two community leaders, Hongming Zhang and Haiyan Long, in Xiaohai Xin Village to jointly promote the inheritance of Miao’s traditional music culture. During the fieldwork in Xiaohai Xin Village, Keyi Liu participated in and observed the local Miao villagers’ music and dance activities, gaining a detailed understanding of the village’s specific needs for developing these domains. The aims of this cooperation are to record the ancient Miao songs passed down by the village elders and to provide support for the younger generation’s new adaptations and creations of Miao music and dance. Additionally, the cooperation intends to use online media platforms to transform these daily music-related activities into digital content for wider dissemination, with the goal of promoting broader recognition and appreciation of Miao music and dance in modern society.


Miao community leader Haiyan Long signs the cooperation agreement with ECura.(photo by Keyi Liu)
Miao community leader Hongming Zhang signs the cooperation agreement with ECura. (photo by Keyi Liu)